Commercial Doors Glossary





  • A

    Angle Mounted Track
    A method of fastening vertical track to a doorjamb using a full height continuous angle.(Commercial door application)

    Anodize
    An electrolytic method of coating aluminum with a protective or decorative film, which is generally clear in color.

    ASHRAE
    Acronym for American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers.

    Astragal
    Weather-stripping added to bottom section of the door to seal the opening along the floor.



  • B

    Back Hangs
    The vertical supports for the horizontal track, cross-braced to prevent lateral movement and track spread.

    Backroom
    The required clearance from the face of the header to any obstruction to the rear of the horizontal track.

    Bead
    A metal, vinyl or rubber strip used to secure glass around the periphery of a pane. (Commercial door application)

    Bottom Bracket
    A structural support located on the bottom section of the door which provides for attachment of the lifting cables on the sectional doors. Also referred to as Bottom Corner Bracket. (Note: Track rollers may have a separate door attachment in some door designs.)

    Bracket Mounted Track
    A method of fastening vertical track to a doorjamb using angle brackets. Also referred to as Mounted or Track Bracket.

    Break-Away Track
    Vertical track assembly that steps back from the jamb used for high lift and vertical lift track to permit outside lock handle projection to clear the lintel. (Commercial door application)

    Bumpers, Spring
    A leaf spring installed at the end of the horizontal track. Especially useful on lift clearance or full vertical manually operated doors, acting as a cushion and stop. (Commercial door application)



  • C

    Cable Drums
    Grooved drums on the torsion spring shaft that lifting cables wind around when door is opened. Designed to allow cable to be accumulated or dispensed in an orderly manner and to prevent lapping or cable chafing.

    Cable Safety Device
    A safety bottom fixture specifically designed to prevent a door from falling in the event of cable breakage.

    Cable Sleeve
    A manufactured device used to form a loop of cable, size of which is determined by the cable diameter.

    Cable Stop
    A swagged fitting at the end of the cable to prevent slippage through a slot in a drum.

    Cables
    Multistrand wire used to attach the door, via bottom brackets, to the counterbalance mechanism.

    Carry-Away Post
    See Removable Post. (Commercial door application)

    Center Bearing Plate
    See Center Support Bearing.

    Center Hinge
    Flat hinge located on all intermediate stiles to allow for door section to turn the track radius as the door opens.

    Center Lift Cable
    Additional cable assembly, which is secured to the outside of the door at points toward the center of the door. Used to provide extra lifting support for extremely wide or heavy doors. (Commercial door application)

    Center Post
    See Mullion. (Commercial door application)

    Center Stile/Mutt
    Vertical members of a door section which provide structural rigidity and location for center hinge attachment. (Commercial door application)

    Center Support Bearing
    Bearing and mounting plate installed at approximately half the door width above the door which acts as a support for the spring shaft. Can be mounted in various locations, not necessarily in center, depending on size of springs.

    Chain Hoist
    Adds mechanical advantage to manually operated doors. Couples to one end of the solid torsion shaft. (Commercial door application)

    Clearances
    The amount of sideroom, headroom, and backroom required to properly install a sectional door.

    Coupling
    Adjustable cast iron connector in two halves for torsion solid shafts on wide doors. Eases installation and allows adjustment in cable lengths so doors will operate smoothly without cocking.

    Curtain
    The part of the sheet door that actually rolls up and down or slides side to side. Manufactured of corrugated sheets seamed together.

    Cycle
    One complete cycle of a door begins with the door in the closed position. The door is then moved to the open position and back to the closed position again. Note: Torsion spring operated doors with higher-than-normal cycle life requirements may be specified with 25,000, 50,000, or 100,000 cycle springs.



  • D

    Dead Load
    A static applied load. A load without movement.

    Door Frame
    The frame into which the door fits, consisting of two upright members called doorjambs, and a door header.

    Door Size
    Always specify the width first and the height second: For instance 8' 6" (2591 mm) wide by 7' 3" (2210 mm) high. Refer to Opening Size.

    Double Thick Glass
    Lighter than plate glass, about 1/8" (3.18 mm) thick, often termed double strength glass. See Glass Type.

    Drums
    Circular stamped metal parts attached at various locations along the tubular shaft that allows the sheet door curtain to coil up when the door is opened.

    Duplex Spring
    A combination of two torsion



  • E

    End Stiles
    Stile located at each end of a door section that provides for attachment of end hinges.

    Escutcheon
    A plate surrounding the lock mechanism, acting as a bearing surface for the lock shaft; one of the parts of a lock set, usually held in place by small screws known as escutcheon screws.

    Exhaust Ports
    Orifices put in the bottom section of a door for release of carbon monoxide fumes when tubed from an automobile exhaust system. (Commercial door application)

    Extension Springs
    Counterbalance springs which provide lifting force by stretching. Commonly called stretch springs. Extension springs are mounted to each of the rear track hangers. They are attached to a pulley at the other end of the spring.

    Exterior Lock
    Keyed lock which can be operated on exterior of the door. Extrusion Fabricated aluminum or plastic shapes made by forcing a hot aluminum or plastic billets through a die in an extrusion press.



  • F

    Flag Bracket
    L-shaped bracket used to facilitate the union between vertical and horizontal tracks.

    Flush Design
    Refers to door sections unbroken by roll-formed ribs. The face of the complete door presents an even surface.

    Follow-the-Roof Track
    Designed to place the back track on the roof incline, and as close as practical to the roof. Can be used with standard lift or lift clearance track. (Commercial door application)

    Front-Mounted Low Headroom
    Low headroom hardware where springs mount on torsion shaft above opening. (Commercial door application)

    Full Vertical Track Assembly
    An assembly made up of a piece of vertical track and a piece of continuous angle or jamb brackets which is used to secure the track to the jamb. (Commercial door application)

    Full Vision Section
    A totally glazed section with various types of glass or clear plastic. The section is formed of aluminum extrusions that combine with steel sections above and below. See Glass Type. (Commercial door application)



  • G

    Galvanizing
    Zinc coating to protect steel against corrosion.

    Glass, Insulated
    Two pieces of glass spaced approximately 1/4" (12.7 mm) apart and hermetically sealed to form a single-glazed unit with an air space between. Heat transmission through this type of glass may be as low as half that of non-insulated glass.

    Glass, Tempered
    Reheated to just below the melting point and suddenly cooled. When shattered it breaks into small pieces. (Commercial door application)

    Glass, Wire
    Polished or rough glass, 1/4" (6.35 mm) thick. Wire mesh is embedded within the glass so that the glass will not shatter when broken. Many types of wire patterns are available. (Commercial door application)

    Glazed, Glazing
    Section windows or lites in place of the steel or aluminum panel. See Glass Type.



  • H

    Headplate
    Structural bracket used to secure vertical and horizontal track, as well as counterbalance systems.

    Headroom
    A measurement from the top of the door opening upward to the lowest building obstruction on the inside of the header wall. Use this measurement for vertical clearance all the way back to the end of the horizontal track. (Commercial door application)

    High Cycle Springs
    Special counterbalance springs with increased life cycle capability for high usage doors. (Commercial door application)

    High-Lift
    See Lift Clearance. (Commercial door application)

    Hinges
    To make the independent sections act as a complete door, the sections must be hinged together. Hinges are found on the end stiles and center stiles at the meeting rails. All hinges perform two basic functions: 1. They join the sections together with bolts or screws. 2. They allow the sections to break, independent of each other, as the door travels.

    Hinges on the end stiles perform two additional tasks: 1. They are designed to support a roller on which the door travels. 2. They are offset to provide a flush fit to the door itself when in the closed position.

    Horizontal Track
    An assembly usually made up of a section of track and reinforced with an angle that is used to both guide and support the door in the horizontal position. Furnished with an integral section of curved track. See Radius.



  • I

    Incline
    To slope, to slant. To follow roof pitch. (Commercial door application)

    Inclined Track
    Tapered vertical track and a graduated height of edge hinges which assure a weathertight fit between door and jamb.

    Inside Lock
    Spring loaded, sliding deadbolt lock operable only from interior of the door. Insulation Material that has the ability to reduce heat or cold transmission.

    Insulation Terms:
    BTU Amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of one pound of water one degree Fahrenheit.

    K-Value (Thermal Conductivity) Laboratory determined value of thermal conductance of a material.

    R-Value (Thermal Resistance) Ability of a material to retard the transmission of heat. The higher the R-value, the better the insulating performance.

    U-Value (Heat Transmission Coefficient) Amount of heat, in BTU, is transmitted through one square foot of material (the door) in one hour at a temperature difference of 1° F from one side to the other. The lower the U-value, the better the insulating material.



  • J

    Jamb Seal
    Weather-stripping attached to the door jamb to provide a seal along the jambs.

    Jambs
    The upright framing on each side of the door opening. When wood jambs are specified, the vertical track is mounted to the inside surface of the jamb and the stop molding is nailed to the side surface within the opening. For steel jambs, see Reverse Angle Mounting. For wood or masonry jambs, see Bracket Mounted Track and Angle Mounted Track.



  • L

    Lift Clearance
    Refers to track hardware that causes the door to rise vertically some distance before it levels out into a horizontal position. Also known as High Lift Track, Lift-Clearance is the distance above the top of door opening to the underside of horizontal tracks. (Commercial door application)

    Lift-Handle
    A handle, normally on the bottom section of the door, to assist in manually lifting the sectional door. Lites Frames glazed with glass or clear plastic. Number of panels in a section limits quantity of lites that can be installed. May be double glazed for insulation value. See Full Vision Section.

    Low Headroom
    Track hardware accessories to provide for door installation with minimum headroom conditions. 



  • M

    Master Keying
    Arrangements whereby cylinder locks, although fitted with different keyed cylinders, can be opened or locked by means of one master key. In new buildings, the hardware supplier has responsibility for the lock cylinder and our locking device has to be coordinated with the hardware supplier. Cylinder may be furnished by this supplier and changed in the field. (Commercial door application)

    Meeting Rail
    The top or bottom horizontal rail in any section that meets and joins with an adjacent door section in horizontal rail.

    Mounting Plates
    Flat steel or wood members placed on the wall to accommodate spring support, spring shaft bearings, chain hoists and mountings for operators.

    Movable Center Post
    A lightweight extruded aluminum post/track assembly, which substitutes for the jamb between two adjacent doors and can be released and carried from the opening. (Commercial door application)

    Mullion
    A slender dividing bar between two doors. Usually designed to carry horizontal (wind) load but not vertical load. (Commercial door application)

    Muntin
    A bar member supporting and separating panes of glass within a sash or door.



  • N

    NEMA
    National Electrical Manufacturers Association established to provide standards for electrical components. Number designation refers to motor operator and controls to meet the ambient requirements.


  • O

    Opening Size
    Frequently called daylight opening or finished opening. Dimensions are taken between masonry or wood walls or between steel jambs.

    Opening Width
    Distance between jambs of the door opening.

    Outside Hook-up
    Bottom fixture with an arm that bends around vertical track to receive lifting cables. Generally used with low headroom hardware. 



  • P

    Padding
    Wood framing at jambs and header to which door track is mounted. Usually furnished by general contractor. See Jambs.

    Pane
    The area between vertical stiles in a door section.

    Pass Door
    Sometimes called wicket door or access door. It is a small swing door built into the larger upward acting door so that people can walk in and out through the pass door without opening the large door. Cannot be used as a legal exit. (Commercial door application)

    Pedestrian Door
    Access door adjacent to the upward acting doors. Avoids the use of a sectional door as a legal egress. (Commercial door application)

    Perimeter Seal
    Complete weather-stripping package for sectional doors, consisting of astragral, jamb seal and header seal.

    Perimeter Wearstrip
    Vinyl or felt attached to corrugated sheet door curtain to prevent rubbing. Located at the ends or drum locations.



  • R

    Rabbeted Joint
    Joint formed by fitting together rails with grooves cut out of the opposing edges to permit overlapping weathertight meeting of sections. See Shiplap Joint and Tongue-and-Groove.

    Radius
    The curved portion of the track, which allows the door to move from vertical to horizontal (and vice versa). The curve is measured in inches, thus determining headroom requirements. See Headroom.

    Rain or Water Stop
    A step at the edge of the garage floor, approximately 1 (25.4 mm) higher than the outside finish. The door sits between the two.

    Rear Track Hangers
    Often constructed of punched angle iron, laterally braced, these hangers attach the end of the horizontal track to the garage ceiling. See Back Hangs.

    Removable Post
    Designed to allow the use of two or more doors in a single opening with center posts that can be removed when doors are in the up position. Especially desirable where small openings are required normally, but occasionally the entire clear opening is necessary. (Commercial door application)

    Reverse Angle Mounting
    An exceptionally sturdy method of track mounting used on all steel jambs and wood jambs at the architect's direction. See Angle Mounted Track. (Commercial door application)

    Roller
    Assembly The combination of a wheel and axle that is used to guide a door through the track system, either 2" (50.8 mm) or 3" (76.2 mm) diameter, depending on track size. Available as short or long stem.

    Rollers
    Steel, ball-bearing wheels that allow sections to roll freely along door tracks.

    RSLO/LSLO
    Right side looking out/left side looking out. Used to indicate hand of chain hoist or electric operation or lite or exhaust port location. (Commercial door application)


  • S

    Safety Spring Containment
    An extra cable used with extension springs to prevent pieces of the spring from causing damage or injury in the event the spring breaks. The cable is threaded through the center of the spring and is secured on both ends of the horizontal track.

    Sectional Joint Meeting Rail Seal
    A weather-strip integral with the section at the joints between door sections.

    Sectional Type Doors
    Doors made of two or more horizontal sections hinged together to provide a door large enough to close the entire opening. Sectional doors are guided into the horizontal or open position by a system of vertical or horizontal tracks. May be fabricated of continuous roll-formed steel with reinforcing ribs, flush sections of steel or aluminum.

    Shaft Bearings
    Type of bearing that adequately supports the radial forces dictated by the weight of the counterbalance assembly and door weight, and the lateral forces exerted. See Center Support Bearing.

    Shafts, Tubular and Solid
    A tubular or solid steel counterbalance shaft transmits lifting force of the torsion springs to the cable drums and lifting cables.

    Sheave
    A pulley with integral ball bearings designed to handle a cable and used to control the movements of the cables employed in the door counterbalance system. Various types are stud or clevis.

    Shiplap Joint
    The configuration of the meeting rails. When closed, the shiplap prevents rain, wind, and light from infiltrating the door between the door sections. See Tongue-and-Groove.

    Sideroom
    A horizontal measurement from each side of the door opening outward along the wall to the nearest obstruction within the building.

    Spring Anchor Plates
    Designed to transmit torque from the stationary end of a torsion spring to the building structure and, at the same time, support the weight of the torsion shaft in a level attitude. The anchor plate is able to withstand the lateral forces exerted by a torsion spring. Usually supplied by the general contractor. See Center Support Bearing.

    Spring Assembly
    Hardware used to make up the door counterbalance assembly. Spring Bumper Small spring-cushioning bumper attached to the horizontal track, which stops the door at the full open position. (Commercial door application)

    Spring Fittings
    The sleeves or cones, which are used to affix the torsion springs to the torsion shaft. One piece is a stationary sleeve or spring retainer, and the second piece is an adjusting cone or winding sleeve.

    Steel Jamb Mounting
    Continuous angle attached to vertical track and fastened to the jamb by welding, self-tappers, or bolts. (Commercial door application)

    Steel Jambs
    Door framing made from either channel or angle iron.

    Stop Molding
    Serves to seal the perimeter of the door against weather and light infiltration. Stop molding is nailed to the jamb, outside the door, and is incorporated as one of the final steps in the installation process. Sometimes called doorstop, it is usually wooden or plastic. Stops Bars or brackets mounted at top of guides to prevent bottom bar from traveling out of the guides when the sheet door curtain is fully raised. (Commercial door application)

    Straight Incline Track
    Vertical track assembly that extends from floor to twice the height of the opening without break-away feature. See Break-Away Track. (Commercial door application)

    Struts
    L-shaped metal reinforcement members attached horizontally to the inside of the door section to add strength and rigidity. Struts are necessary on wide heavy doors to help prevent sagging and bowing and to provide additional reinforcement to comply with the required windloading. Also called trusses.

    Swing-Up Post
    See Removable Post.



  • T

    Tongue-and-Groove
    The configuration of the meeting rails that differs from shiplap in having matching channel groove and protrusion on the longitudinal edges of the abutting meeting rails for wind and weather protection.

    Top Fixture
    Adjustable brackets that carry track rollers mounted on the top corners of the top section of the door.

    Top Header Seal
    Flat weatherstrip fastened along the full width of top door section as a seal along the header.

    Top Rail
    The horizontal rail forming the top horizontal member of a door as distinguished from the meeting rails and bottom rail.

    Top Seal
    Weatherstripping which fastens to the top of the door to provide a seal along the top of the opening.

    Torque
    The turning effect of a tangential force acting at a distance from the axis of rotation or twist; torsion springs apply such effect to spring shafts.

    Torsion Shaft
    The shaft of a torsion spring assembly, which transmits lifting force of the torsion springs to cable drums and lifting cables.

    Torsion Spring Counterbalance Assembly
    Designed and constructed to provide a safe and durable conversion of spring torque to lifting force by balancing the weight of a sectional overhead type door.

    Torsion Springs
    Mounts above the door opening. The springs are manually wound, or charged, then set to a shaft which runs through the spring. The spring turns the shaft, which raises or lowers the door via the cables winding on drums.

    Track
    Provides a guide for the roller wheels. The vertical track is mounted to the jambs with brackets on each side of the door opening. The horizontal track contains a curved end called the radius (See Radius). In the closed position, the door is resting in the vertical track. In the open position, the door is suspended from the horizontal track. Sectional door track usually consists of 4 pieces: 2 vertical pieces and 2 horizontal pieces.

    Trajectory
    The arc of travel, or sweep of the top section, as the door is raised from closed to open position, important in planning the location of pipes, light fixtures, etc.



  • V

    Vertical Lift
    A hardware design that allows a sectional door to open vertically along the wall above the door opening without turning back inside the building. (Commercial door application)


  • W

    Website
    A great tool for Clopay information.

    Wicket Door
    Hollow-metal pedestrian door installed adjacent to the sheet door sharing the same building opening. (Commercial door application)

    Winding Bars
    Used by installers to set initial tension on torsion springs at the winding cones.

    Winding Cone
    Part that fits into a torsion spring, permitting winding of the torsion spring and tension adjustment.

    Winding Sleeves
    Designed to allow the application in a safe manner of torque from a torsion spring. The design properly retains a torsion spring when fully wound or unwound and withstands the radial and lateral forces exerted by the torsion spring.

    Windload
    The lateral force that the wind exerts upon a door as it stands in a closed position.

    Wood Jamb
    Mounted Regular method of mounting vertical track to wood jambs.

    Wood Jambs
    Upright piece forming the side of the door opening and is made of wood.



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